Thursday, December 26, 2019

Ectopic Pregnancy Essay - 2458 Words

In a normal pregnancy, a fertilized egg travels from the location of fertilization (the fallopian tube) to the uterus. Sometimes however, the egg grows in the wrong place, which is known as an ectopic pregnancy. Ectopic pregnancy was first documented as early as 1693 during a routine autopsy performed on a female prisoner condemned to death and executed (Speroff, pg. 947). In order to understand ectopic pregnancy one must understand the normal physiology of conception, how and why things can go wrong to cause ectopic pregnancy, how it is diagnosed, and how it is treated. Each month, with the menstrual cycle every woman goes through hormonal changes. The pituitary gland (located in the brain) releases hormones such as follicle stimulating†¦show more content†¦The scarring from such procedures as tubal legations and the reversal of tubal legations can cause the egg to get stuck in the fallopian tube. Endometriosis is a relatively common gynecologic condition where the endometr ial (uterine) lining can settle abnormally in various pelvic locations including the ovaries and fallopian tubes. It is unclear weather women have a genetic predisposition to this condition or weather it happens randomly. The blood that settles in various places can cause irregular monthly bleeding such as rectal bleeding, the urination of blood, and even the monthly coughing of blood. This condition can lead to severe adhesions (scar tissue) in and around the fallopian tubes. This is because when the endometriosis tissue settles in these abnormal locations an inflammation reaction causes scars to form. Endometriosis causes not only severe menstrual pain, but also infertility and an increased risk for tubal pregnancy. There are some women who are born with abnormal tubes, either due to various birth defects or hormones that their mothers took while they were in the womb. Sometimes, for unknown reasons fallopian tubes can be shorter than usual, have growths in them, or have constrict ed openings. In fact, sometimes the fallopian tubes can actually be missing. The most common hormone that caused this problem in the past was DES (diethylstilbestrol) an estrogen hormone used to prevent miscarriage, but unfortunately affected theShow MoreRelatedStruggles of an Ectopic Pregnancy642 Words   |  3 Pageschoose to do was Ectopic pregnancy. In a normal pregnancy, the ovaries release an egg into the fallopian tube. If the egg meets with a sperm, the fertilized egg moves into the uterus but in an Ectopic pregnancy the most common place for the egg to stay is in the fallopian tubes. Ectopic pregnancy was first described and come to awareness in North Americans the 11th century; it often was a fatal complication of pregnancy. In the 15th century (which is known as the middle ages era) pregnancy was believedRead MoreIncidence, Presentation And Management : Ectopic Pregnancy1279 Words   |  6 Pages Olasunkanmi Abimbola Kolawole Ectopic pregnancy in Bauchi State, Northern Nigeria; Incidence, Presentation and Management Abstract Ectopic Pregnancy (EP) is a life-threatening gynecological emergency with high morbidity and mortality in northern Nigeria. Maternal mortality refers to the death of a woman while pregnant or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy (Mairiga, et al., 2009). EP cases in northern Nigeria are of late presentations, tubalRead More A Medical And Moral Look At Ectopic Pregnancy Essays1478 Words   |  6 Pagesmedicine: the ectopic pregnancy. Ectopic pregnancies are the number one cause of death of women in the first trimester of pregnancy. There are many aspects that have to taken care of when an ectopic pregnancy is identified. Not only are there the symptoms, the diagnosis, the treatments, and the results to deal with, but also moral ethics come into play. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;The term â€Å"ectopic† literally means â€Å"out of place†. Other things in the human body can also be considered ectopic if it sitsRead MoreThe Risk Of An Ectopic Pregnancy1958 Words   |  8 Pagesconception doesn’t. The risk of an ectopic pregnancy is a biological implication because it can lead to a miscarriage. Ectopic pregnancy is when the fertilised egg stays in the fallopian tube, and in rare cases can attach to one of the mother’s ovaries, another organ in the abdomen, the cornua of the uterus or the cervix. With ectopic pregnancy emergency treatment is required, and the chances of the baby surviving are very low. Symptoms of ectopic pregnancy include; light bleeding, nausea andRead MorePathology Report1675 Words   |  7 PagesSeggerman Patient ID: 903321 Date of Admission and Surgery: 03/27/2014 Admitting Diagnosis: Ectopic pregnancy Surgeon: Rosemary Bumbak, MD, Obstetrics and Gynecology PATHOLOGY FINDINGS: Specimen number 03-S-965 SPECIMEN RECIEVE: 03/27/2014 SPECIMAN REPORTED: 03/30/2014 SURGICAL PROCEDURE: Left partial salpingectomy CLINICAL HISTORY: Patient has an ectopic pregnancy, as proven by pelvic ultrasound. TISSUE RECEIVED: Left fallopian tube. GROSS DESCRIPTION: Read MoreDebbi Mudd 2.1 Devotion: Called to Care, Initial Post600 Words   |  3 Pagesof my oldest son. I was out of town when I began to experience terrible stomach pain we decided to cut our trip short and return home. I ended the evening in the local emergency room, where I was promptly ushered into surgery for a ruptured ectopic pregnancy. Evidently, I had been hemorrhaging internally for some time. The hospital staff was preparing my husband for a worst-case scenario. The only thing that I remember clearly is what happened as I taken to the operating room. Although disorientedRead MoreSymptoms And Treatment Of A Call1456 Words   |  6 Pagesaxillary and anogenital areas, whose precise function is not yet known, are activated by sympathetic nerve fibers during pain and stress (Marieb, 1998). Sweating, and thus the excessive production of, is also a common sign and symptom of an ectopic pregnancy resulting in uterine tubal rupture (, 2008). Nausea, â€Å"a stomach distress with distaste for food and an urge to vomit† (, 2014), and its subsequent resolution, emesis, â€Å"an act of instance of vomiting† (Merriam-websterRead MoreShould Smoking Cigarettes Be Banned?988 Words   |  4 Pagesmost effective way of stopping pregnant mothers from smoking; however, doing this would deprive pregnant women of their freedom and rights. This raises the question: â€Å"Should pregnant smokers be banned from buying and smoking cigarettes during their pregnancy?† Cigarettes generally contain 4,000 chemicals and 60 cancer causing compounds. The most toxic and dangerous chemicals found in cigarettes are Tar and Nicotine. These chemicals have terrible long term effects on pregnant women and life threateningRead MorePregnancy Or The Coexistence Of An Intrauterine And An Extrauterine Pregnancy Essay1955 Words   |  8 PagesHeterotopic pregnancy or the coexistence of an intrauterine and an extrauterine pregnancy occurs in about 1 out of 30,000 pregnancies. Between Assisted Reproductive Techniques and ovulation induction, it is said to occur more commonly with the former. The patient presented in this case is a 29 year old primigravid who underwent ovulation induction with Clomiphene Citrate and was later on diagnosed to have both an intrauterine and a non-viable extrauterine pregnancy. The management for this kindRead MoreEssay on Brenda Seggerman HP612 Words   |  3 PagesDate of Admission 3/27/2012 Emergency Room Physician: Alex McClure, MD Admitting Diagnosis: Eptopic Pregnancy CHIEF COMPLAINT: The patient presents to the emergency room this morning complaining of lower abdominal pain. HISTORY OF PRESENT ILLNESS: The patient states that she has been having vaginal bleeding, more like spotting, over the past month. She denies the chance of pregnancy, although she stated that she is sexually active and using no birth control. GYNECOLOGIC HISTORY: Patient

Wednesday, December 18, 2019

The Cloning of Dogs Essay - 1342 Words

The Cloning of Dogs Introduction: The new Star Wars movie features an entire army made of clones. These clones are genetically perfected to be the ultimately obedient and powerful soldiers. How could this type of cloning technology be used in dogs? We could use it for the good to make the perfectly obedient dog, for use in seeing-eye work, rescue work, etc. This technology could also be used to affect the world of dog showing. An owner of a number one winning champion dog could replicate it and make the sport completely obsolete and pointless. Project Missyplicity: The leading research team for dog cloning is at Texas A M University. Their project is called Project Missyplicity, named after the chief contributor’s beloved†¦show more content†¦The research is beginning to pay off, in that the researchers are coming very close to making the Missy clone. Two of their projects and the results are listed below: . Enucleated dog oocytes were successfully fused with donor cells from adult dogs . 23 % of the resulting embryos cleaved at lease once . 5 cloned embryos were transplanted into 3 bitches . no pregnancies resulted . Enucleated bovine oocytes were used and were successfully fused with dog cells. . 43% cleaved to the 8-to-16-cell stage . 47 embryos were transferred into 4 bitches 1 resulted in conception the pregnancy resulted in a miscarriage after 20 days of gestation Cryopreservation: Scientists are predicting that within the decade we should be able to clone domestic pets, affordably. If you would like to be able to clone your present pet when this technology does become available, all you have to do is what is known as cryopreservation. Cryopreservation is when you take a small skin ample from your pet, have it frozen and stored until you can clone your pet. This cloning can be done long after the death of your pet, so essentially, you could have the exact same appearance of a dog for your entire life. You may be asking where you can get this procedure done and how much it costs? The procedure itself runs around 700 dollars, plus the veterinarian fees and a 10-dollar per month storage fee. ThereShow MoreRelatedAnimal Cloning: How Unethical is it? Essays1171 Words   |  5 Pagesthat animals are used for testing purposes, such as cloning? Animals are undergoing cloning methods for scientific purposes and are even being brought back to life in the form of a clon e in order to please grieving pet lovers. Cloning animals is very unethical and it is a highly controversial topic. Cloning allows for the suffering of animals and it does not create an exact replica of an animal; therefore, it is unethical. In simple terms, cloning an animal is using science to create a similar, ifRead MoreShould Pets Be Cloned?1477 Words   |  6 PagesCBMS880- Medical and Molecular Biotechnology | Animal cloning is getting popular by scientists day by day after the success of the sheep Dolly which was the first animal clone in the world. Dolly was created effectively by Roslin Instute scientist in Edinburgh (TechNyou) and she was euthanized when she was six year old due to a virus-induced lung tumour (Mott M., 2004). Even though the relevant scientists report that there is no evidence that cloning might be the cause of the disease of Dolly (Mott MRead MorePersuasive Essay On Cloning1445 Words   |  6 Pagesstart to gain from it? Cloning procedures on plants and animals have been performed since the 1800’s. However, it just recently gained awareness in the 1990’s when Dolly the Sheep was cloned. Cloning is definitely a big advance in science; nonetheless, it can also be a very controversial subject. Cloning is a good thing as long as it is done with the wellbeing of the animals in mind or if it is being done on plants, as it is a breakthrough for science. Some forms of cloning can be a positive medicalRead MoreCloning Speech : Cloning And Cloning878 Words   |  4 Pages Prisila Monrroy Mr Bonnet Communications Arts 24 April 2015 Cloning speech Suppose that every prospective parent in the world stopped having children naturally, and instead produced clones of themselves. What would the world be like in another 20 or 30 years? The answer is: much like today. Cloning would only copy the genetic aspects of people who are already here said by Nathan Myhrvold. Cloning is an issue now and will be in the in the future,animals are cloned all the time.DoesRead MoreCloning Is Not Without Opposition1278 Words   |  6 PagesCloning is a vital technology that humanity should strive to perfect, despite the many obstacles it currently faces in development and application. Approximately 100 species become extinct a day. Among them are flora and fauna that could hold the cures for cancer, HIV, or any other disease. Cloning technology could preserve and restore these vitally important animals. As of now, the technology is far from usable. Most experiments have resulted in the death of the cloned embryo. However, a few haveRead MorePros And Cons Of Animal Cloning1277 Words   |  6 PagesAnimal Cloning Applications and Morality Concerns One fateful afternoon, a father discovers that their beloved pet kitten is deceased on the side of the roadway. The parents are worried about telling their children the sad news because they will be devastated. Luckily, the parents reach out to a company that offers animal cloning. With just a sample of the kitten’s DNA, they can produce an exact match and an identical copy that will soon replace their lost family pet. While this story demonstratesRead MoreEssay about America Needs Cloning1562 Words   |  7 Pagescreated computer prediction models, tissue cloning, and great understanding of chemical reactions. However most of these new methods still are only sparingly used, despite their accuracy, and animal testing still remains the test method of choice. Theres a newly developed technology that can allow doctors and scientists to duplicate living organisms. This development in technology is known as cloning, and it has forever changed the views of life. Cloning can s erve as the answer to problems whichRead MoreWhat is Cloning?931 Words   |  4 PagesCloning today holds a position of one of the most sought after inventions to cure humanity from organ failure and diseases. Scientists are working towards the elimination of human problems in the medical field and advancing in research so that immortality will one day be attainable. This could be a significant breakthrough for the human race, however dabbling in artificial creation remains unhealthy and factitious. Just as cloning falls under the same pretence of unnatural and dangerous life, soRead MoreCloning: The Story and Impact of Dolly the Sheep762 Words   |  3 PagesCloning: The Story and Impact of Dolly the Sheep Dolly the sheep is one of the biggest breakthroughs for cloning and scientific history. Dolly was the first sheep cloned which created with a replicated DNA. Dolly the Sheep was created by Ian Wilmut and scientists from the Roslin Institute of University of Edinburgh in Sweden. The name†Dolly† comes from the country star Dolly Parton . Dolly the sheep sent shock waves through the world when the news was released 7 months after her birthRead MoreThe Cruelty Of Animal Overpopulation1015 Words   |  5 Pagesthe cruelty through animal overpopulation. Abandonment and neglect is one form of animal cruelty. Dogs and cats abandon are experiencing continue suffering for days or weeks and sometimes they can die; therefore, in broward county animal cruelty is against the law (Reporting Animal Issues, n.d.). Another way of cruelty is the pet cloning.The protection animal and welfare is against the pet cloning whose every day is given arguments on why people wants to do a reproduction of an animal companion

Tuesday, December 10, 2019

The Benefit of Sustainability Reporting Goes beyond the Company’s

Question: Why The Benefit of Sustainability Reporting Goes beyond the Companys? Answer: Introduction: The benefit of sustainability reporting goes beyond the companys fiscal risk and opportunity to carry out performance within the dimensions of ESG and establishing authorization for work. It is noteworthy to denote sustainability reporting acts in the form of differentiator within the competitive industries and encourages certainty in the trust of investors and employee faithfulness. According to the opinion of analyst, they have regularly stressed on the disclosure of sustainability reporting of an organisation at the time of evaluating the quality of management and competence because sustainability reporting facilitates organisations with better access to capital. Numerous scholars have pointed out that sustainability reporting assists the analyst in ascertaining the value of the organisation. Sustainability reporting requires an organisation to collect information concerning the procedure and effects, which is yet to be measured. Sustainability reporting provides organisations wit h data that is necessary to reduce the usage of natural resources towards better organisation performance. The guidelines set down by GRI often helps in stressing towards stressing those firms to take into the considerations the environmental and social aspects, which acts as a significant factor to shareholders and creates noteworthy impact on business. In addition to this, sustainability reporting provides an organisation with the facility to avoid and lessen the environmental and community risk having materiality or financial impact on the trade. Sustainability reporting helps in providing improved business, communal, environmental and financial value towards development of virtual circle. Discussion: There have been growing concerns due to climatic change, pollution, problems relating to human rights and economic rights have surfaced organisations towards continuous community disclosure associated with the role of business in the society. As stated by Bebbington, Unerman and O'Dwyer (2014), sustainability reporting helps companies to regulate, understand and converse their financial, environmental and social performance. Including sustainability reporting in the annual report provides the organisations with the opportunity to set goals and observe changes more competently. As per Ioannou and Serafeim (2016), it is vital for organisations to establish and uphold trust so that it can attain sustainability throughout the economy and world. Regular business creates an impact on the stakeholders. This consists of financial institutions, labour establishments, civil community and citizens regarding the level of faith, which organisations have with them. Such kinds of judgements not regularly acts as a part of financial information since they are based on the assessment of risk and opportunity by using data to gain information on wider aspects of instant and future problems. As stated by Junior, Best and Cotter (2014), numerous companies have adopted sustainability practices without issuing reports. Companies that prepares sustainability reporting in their annual report are ranked higher than those firms that does not report. It is understood that including sustainability report helps in enhancing the business reputation although it is not the prime reason behind the inclusion of sustainability report by the companies in their annual report. A large number of internal and external influences organisations to make inclusion of sustainability report. By including sustainability report in their annual report it provides assurance to the executives, shareholders and investors that the risk relating to sustainability are monitored. Growth in investment of community responsibility acts as the compelling reason for numerous organisations to engage in sustainability reporting (Hahn and Llfs 2014). The market for accountable investment is not limited to public or shareholders since majority of analyst have voiced their craving for sustainability reporting. Sustainability reporting is regarded as vital in numerous nations as stock exchanges from more than twenty countries have encouraged companies to make sustainability report or similar kind of disclosure in their annual report. GRI has asserts that making sustainability report enables firms with variety of intangible advantages towards promoting employee loyalty and customer benefits. As argued by Buhr, Gray and Milne (2014), the worth of sustainability disclosure have prolonged the balance sheet of an organisation. Independent studies have inspected the association of corporate social and environmental performance and have stated that organisations have gained benefits from improved communication of their good deeds. According to Cheng et al. (2014), sustainability, reporting forms the basis of innovations and use of less costly sources of capital. Organisations with sustainability initiatives are able to convince the probable sources of equity towards more competitive and lower risk investment. Studies suggest that investors have voiced their interest of investing in preferably transparent companies because of better trust between the stakeholders and managers. Del Mar et al. (2015), states that sustainability reporting firms provides organisation with better information than the government regulated organisations. Therefore, sustainability disclosure is positively associated with the return on asset and cash flow from operations. The international integrated reporting council have directed their methodology for companies to produce fiscal, environmental and governance report in order to create value over the period to time. IIRC plays a vital role in creating new tools and special focus is paid in sustainability accounting standards board so that it can create an appeal in the financial market. The IIRC plays a vital role in understanding the fiscal and corporate metrics to benchmark their performance. The framework of IIRC provides firms with time through special societal effects by developing pertinent Key performance indicators. According to reports, sustainability helps in influencing the behaviour of stakeholders. According to Flower (2015), IIRC plays an important role in providing detail description of the performance than the traditional reporting. IIRC provides guidance to organisation on communicating wider range of data needed by the shareholders and stakeholders for long-term access to their prosp ects. The framework of IIRC provides firms, shareholders and others with an opportunity to make both long and short-term decisions. Conclusion: Organisations that provide sustainability reporting will be able to display their stewardship both in the financial as well as human capital. Sustainability reporting helps in aligning the social and natural capital according to the interest of the society and other interested groups. As noticed integrated reporting focuses on stakeholder involvement which results in enhanced consultation with community. With large number of companies are adopting sustainability report it is expected that both public and investors demand for external assurance of sustainability will increase in future. Therefore, sustainability reporting helps encouraging seriousness and reliability for firms. Answer to requirement 2 A: Computation of Taxable Income Particulars Amount ($) Amount ($) Net Profit before tax 960000 Add: Asset Revaluation 900000 Depreciation machinery in accounts 840000 Transfer to long service leave provision 382000 Prepaid Insurance 80000 Warranty Expenditure 210000 Less: Long service leave paid and charged to provision 230000 Depreciation Machinery for tax purpose 1050000 1280000 Taxable Income 2092000 Answer to requirement 2 B: Items Carrying Value Tax Base Deductible Temporary Differences Taxable temporary Differences Tax Expense Revaluation Surplus Tax Payable Cash 192000 192000 Inventory 1385000 1385000 Accounts Receivable 983000 983000 Prepaid Insurance 80000 80000 Property, Plant and Equipment 4200000 4200000 45600 Less: Depreciation 840000 1050000 210000 3360000 3150000 270000 Land 4400000 440000 900000 Total Assets 10400000 Liabilities Accounts Payable 985500 Provision for Warranties expenses 170000 Prevision for long term services 382000 69000 Debentures payable 2365000 Total Liabilities 3902500 Net Assets 6497500 Temporary Difference for the year 210000 69000 45600 1170000 Movement for the period 210000 69000 45600 1170000 Tax effected rate at 30% 63000 20700 13680 351000 Tax on Taxable Income -288000 -288000 Income Tax Adjustment 63000 20700 -274320 351000 -288000 Answer to requirement 2 C: Journal Entries Particulars Debit ($) Credit ($) Income Tax Expenditure A/c......Dr (2092000 x $0.30) 627600 To Tax Payable A/c 627600 Income Tax expenses A/c........Dr (230000 x $0.30) 69000 Deferred Tax Liability A/c 69000 To Income Tax Expense A/c 45600 Land A/c..................................Dr 900000 To Asset Revaluation Reserve A/c 900000 Asset Revaluation Reserve A/c.....Dr 270000 To Deferred tax liability A/c 270000 Reference list: Bebbington, J., Unerman, J. and O'Dwyer, B., 2014.Sustainability accounting and accountability. Routledge. Buhr, N., Gray, R. and Milne, M.J., 2014. Histories, rationales, voluntary standards and future prospects for sustainability reporting.Sustainability accounting and accountability, pp.51-71. Cheng, M., Green, W., Conradie, P., Konishi, N. and Romi, A., 2014. The international integrated reporting framework: key issues and future research opportunities.Journal of International Financial Management Accounting,25(1), pp.90-119. del Mar Alonso-Almeida, M., Marimon, F., Casani, F. and Rodriguez-Pomeda, J., 2015. Diffusion of sustainability reporting in universities: current situation and future perspectives.Journal of cleaner production,106, pp.144-154. Flower, J., 2015. The international integrated reporting council: a story of failure.Critical Perspectives on Accounting,27, pp.1-17. Hahn, R. and Llfs, R., 2014. Legitimizing negative aspects in GRI-oriented sustainability reporting: A qualitative analysis of corporate disclosure strategies.Journal of Business Ethics,123(3), pp.401-420. Ioannou, I. and Serafeim, G., 2016. The consequences of mandatory corporate sustainability reporting: evidence from four countries. Junior, R.M., Best, P.J. and Cotter, J., 2014. Sustainability reporting and assurance: a historical analysis on a world-wide phenomenon.Journal of Business Ethics,120(1), pp.1-11

Monday, December 2, 2019

The Black Cat free essay sample

Short Story Analysis: The Black Cat The Black Cat by Edgar Alan Poe is a short story told in a first person narrative, from the point of view of an incarcerated murderer. There are several ways to interpret this story; the reader can also gain insight on the narrator’s state of mind. What I am going to talk about today is how the narrator uses a lot of symbolism and descriptive elements in his story, and in turn, how the reader will interpret the narrator as a person. A few characteristics that will be highlighted are death, psychosis/state of mind of the narrator, and alcoholism. The narrator admits an alcohol dependency right from the start. â€Å"One night, returning home , much intoxicated, from one of my haunts about town†¦Ã¢â‚¬ (2). This gives the reader the impression that it is in the narrator’s normal character to be under the influence. The narrator used alcohol as his reasoning for cutting the black cat’s eye out. We will write a custom essay sample on The Black Cat or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page He then drinks away his guilt and sins with alcohol, â€Å"I again plunged into excess, and soon drowned in wine all memory of the deed† (3). From these statements, the reader can assume that the narrator is an alcoholic and uses that to blur the reality of his decisions. Madness is defined as the state of being mentally ill or extremely foolish behavior. In this story it is apparent that the narrator could very well be mentally unstable. He immediately expressed his fondness for animals, he thought of animals as a â€Å"principal sources of pleasure† (2). He later gets pleasure from abusing one of his animals, the black cat, by cutting the cat’s eye out with a knife. All because he felt the cat was avoiding him. He later hangs the cat, and then constantly feels haunted by his acts. In a way, the narrator seems enticed by his evil actions. â€Å"Evil thoughts became my sole intimates-the darkest and most evil of thoughts† (5). The narrator’s last act of evil is the murder of his wife, when he hits her in the head with an axe. He then immediately thinks of ways to cover up the murder. He talks about cutting his wife up into pieces, but later decides that he will hide her body in the brick wall in the cellar of their home. From this the reader has gone from believing the narrator is just some troubled alcoholic, to believing the narrator is suffering some serious psychosis. There are many faces of death in this story. The first starts with the abuse of the black cat. The narrator comes home drunk and believes the cat is being disobedient so he cuts the cat’s eye out. Later, when his guilt builds up and he can no longer take it, the narrator hangs the cat. He becomes paranoid and believes the cat is haunting him from the grave. Although I thus readily accounted to my reason, if not altogether to my conscience, for the startling fact just detailed, it did not the less fail to make a deep impression upon my fancy†¦among the vile haunts which I now habitually frequented† (4). The next face of death is the cruel and unexpected murder of the narrator’s wife. It becomes apparent that the narrator has a disturbing fascination when carrying out the acts of murder. These actions tie into the narrator’s mental stability. It is one thing to have thoughts of harming one’s self or others, but it is another thing when those thoughts are acted upon. â€Å"My happiness was supreme! The guilt of my dark deed disturbed me but little† (6). From this the reader can assume that the narrator is a mentally unstable alcoholic murderer. The three main descriptive characteristics that I wanted to highlight about the narrator and the story of The Black Cat are alcoholism, psychosis, and death. With these three elements the reader can pass judgment on the narrator and create an overall opinion of him as a person. The reader can become first enticed by the story with the narrator talking about his love for animals and then later his cruelty towards them. Next the reader begins to wonder if the narrator is imagining these things, â€Å"Upon its head†¦sat the hideous beast whose craft had seduced me into murder, and whose informing voice had consigned me to the hangman† (7). Finally the reader can confidently asses their overall impression of the narrator. â€Å"Mad indeed would I be to expect it, in a case where my very senses reject their own evidence. But to-morrow I die and to-day I would unburden my soul† (1).