Wednesday, November 27, 2019
Suicides Essays - Depression, Abnormal Psychology, Bipolar Spectrum Suicides Ricky Medina Intro. to Biology Report # 3 Twenty-six Israeli suicidal patients, twenty-four non-suicidal patients and twenty-four control aptients completed tests on different suicidal tendencies. Suicidal adolescents showed more negative responses that did either the non-suicidal adolescents or the control patients. Furthermore compared to the other two groups, the suicidal adolescents showed less complex self-attributes and a higher tendency to have a low self-esteem. Results were discussed and it was found that suicidal adolescents were unevenly processing information or stimuli which was causing confusion which led to their suicidal tendencies. Orbach, Isreal, Mario Mikulineer, Daniel Stein, and Orit Cohen, Self-representation of Suicidal Adolescents. Journal of Abnormal Psychology. 1996. Vol. No.3 435-439.Ricky Medina Intro. to Biology Report # 4 Researchers used multiple measures of irrationability and compared the reactions of never-depressed controls (ND) with people who had recovered from major depression. The ND studies revealed that they didn't exceed in errationality and negative mood in specific situations. The people who were recovered from depression did show that when there were other variables their attitude did change faster than those who had never suffered from depression. They concluded that recovered depressed people weren't able to handle being under different situations when they had to control there rational way of life. Brody, Cindy, David A.F. Haaga, Ari Solomon, Lindsey Kirk, and Dara G. Friedman 1998. Priming Irational Beliefs in Recovered-Depressed People. Journal of Abnormal Psychology. Vol. No.3 440-449Ricky Medina Intro. to Biology Report # 5 In 1989, the National Institute of mental health (NIMH) completed the most careful study comparing the success rates of psychotherapy versus antidepressant drug therapy in the treatment of cases of major depression. Patients with major depression were assigned a random for 16 weeks to one of four treatments: an antidepressant drug which was imipramine, a placebo pill, interpersonal therapy, of cognitive behavioral therapy. The interpersonal therapy focused on the depressed persons relationships with other people. The findings of the study were surprising. For the less depressed people all four treatments were equally successful. For the Severely depressed people however, the antidepressant drug therapy was highly success ful. 76% improved on the drug nad only 18% on the placebo. After this study NIMH issued a warning it concluded that only 16 weeks of psychotherapy or the drug therapy for depression was sufficient since it resulted in very high relapse rates. Mackel, Donald, William Holder, and Larry Kvols. Psychotherapy or Pharmcotherapy? Journal of Abnormal Psychology. Vol.5. No. 6, 489-495 Mackel, Donald, William Holder, and Larry Kvois, Psychotherapy or Pharmacotherapy? Journal of Abnormal Psychology. Vol. No.6 489-495.Ricky Medina Intro. to Biology report #2 3,450 patients who were diagnosed with either depression, anxiety, or stress syndromes completed the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS). 3 to 8 years later the same patients took the DASS again. Each time the second test scores were the asme as the test scores from the first test. The stability of the patients suffering from at least one of the three syndromes did not vary over the interval of the two test. The results support the stability of depression, anxiety and stress, and draw attention to the distinction between the three different syndromes. These results were interpreted to mean that there is existence of vulnerabilities in the three syndromes, over and beyond the general vulnerability to emotional distress. Lovebond, Peter F. Long-Term Stability of Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Syndromes, Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 1998, Vol. 107, No. 3, 520-526
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Saturday, November 23, 2019
How to Write a 10-Page Term Paper How to Write a 10-Page Term Paper How to Write a 10-Page Term PaperWhen being assigned to write a 10-page term paper, most students give way to despair for the workload they have to accomplish seems to be incredibly extensive. This is true, it is difficult to write a 10-page term paper well, still, it is possible, and in this article we will tell you how to do it. If you are writing, for example, 15 page term paper or long term paper 10 pages, you need to devote enough time to planning your time. Alternatively, you may simply order custom term paper writing service at our site and get at least 250 words a page term paper written from scratch!The first thing you should keep in mind when getting started to write your 10-page term paper is that an elaborative plan of actions will make your writing process much easier. That is why we strongly recommend you start your work with making a schedule. Find out when your deadline is and calculate the number of days at your disposal. Your writing process will include the fol lowing steps:Choosing a topic;Gathering material;Taking notes and organizing ideas;Writing;Editing.Some useful tips on how to write a 10-page term paper also seem to be right in time for you. So, here they are:How to write a 10-page term paper: Researching materialWhen dealing with sources, use reviews. They usually present additional information, references, and leads. This is a good path for you to understand the primary sources better and analyze them deeper in your paper. Still, you should go beyond this, since a paper based only on secondary sources is regarded as weak. How to write a 10-page term paper: Writing techniques and styleUsually, term papers are required to be written in an academic language. So, no colloquial speech words like slang or jargons are accepted. Imagine yourself to be a fully-fledged researcher. How would you present your research in the paper?How to write a 10-page term paper: Making an introductionWe advise you make only some notes on your introduction and come back to it after you finish to write your 10-page term paper. Usually, this part includes the purposes of research, the writers expectations from it, and the research question he/she is going to answer in the paper.How to write a 10-page term paper: Working out the main bodyThis part consists of several smaller ones where you discuss the works by other researchers devoted to your research question. In data presentation part, tell what approaches to the question exist. In analysis, explain what the data presented might mean, how it can be interpreted.How to write a 10-page term paper: Drawing a conclusionIn this part, tell what you have come up to after completing the research. What conclusions have you withdrawn? If you want to write a 10-page term paper or term paper 15 pages successfully and get a high grade, do your best to meet all the requirements your professor set.
Posted by Unknown at 10:29 AM
Thursday, November 21, 2019
Apple Inc. Business Analysis - Essay Example The organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s current strengths are multi-varied. Perhaps AppleÃ¢â¬â¢s greatest current strength is its competitive advantages. From the earliest incarnations of Apple Computer the company sought to carve out a competitive advantage through horizontal and vertical integration that restricted external product licensing ("Apple computer, inc.," 2011). Today among AppleÃ¢â¬â¢s strongest products are the iPhone, iPod, iPad, and the Mac book. These elements have a strong presence in everyday recreation uses, artistic practices, and education. In addition, they are supported by AppleÃ¢â¬â¢s globally strong brand. Another prominent advantage is AppleÃ¢â¬â¢s attention to design elements. Building products from the ground up allows Apple to implement innovative design elements that create a loyal customer base. One considers the iMac released in 1998 with its eggshell design as prominently implementing this technique ("Apple computer, inc.," 2011). This design advantage al so extends into AppleÃ¢â¬â¢s image. Apple, Inc. increasingly cultivates an image that presents itself as the alternative choice to mainstream computer producers. This has allowed Apple to become a cultural force resulting in significant market advantage. The iPhone contains AppleÃ¢â¬â¢s unique operating system, allowing it significant quality advantage over competitors ("Apple -- iphone," 2011). Indeed, quality product design has become one of the driving forces of AppleÃ¢â¬â¢s success and has created a significant competitive barrier for outside manufacturers, such as Google (Gilbertson, 2010). One must also consider the iPhoneÃ¢â¬â¢s competitive advantage in terms of its position in the Apple whole. In these regards, Apple has been able to leverage its competitive position in mp3 with iTunes and its compatibility with the Macintosh operating system as a means of encouraging user identification (Schramm, 2011). The Apple App Store also provides the organization with a uniqu e advantage over other smart phone suppliers. In addition, AppleÃ¢â¬â¢s implementation of Siri voice activation technology will surely drive an amount of future sales. Weaknesses While Apple, Inc. has a number of strengths one must consider their potential weaknesses. One of the largest questions of the organization is the extent that they can continue their current unprecedented streak of innovation and growth. Perhaps the greatest challenge in this realm of understanding considers that company founder Steve Jobs recently died; significant questions remain as to whether new CEO Tim Cook will be able to continue this past success. While the Apple App store is a highly important element in the iPhoneÃ¢â¬â¢s success the Android Marketplace has begun developing a number of competitive applications as a means of threatening AppleÃ¢â¬â¢s smart phone sustainability (Wauters, 2011). In addition, Microsoft has developed a new smart phone design and will pose new challenges to AppleÃ¢â ¬â¢s overarching market share. Still, the greatest weakness is that while Apple has leveraged market share through product innovation the open source models have been able to reengineer many of AppleÃ¢â¬â¢s innovations. While Apple has engaged in a series of patent lawsuits, notably a recent victory over HTC, the extent that this remains a viable strategy remains greatly questionable. Furthermore, GoogleÃ¢â¬â¢s position as a cornerstone of the Internet, coupled with the
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Tuesday, November 19, 2019
Dream Interpretation in Psychoanalysis - Essay Example Early in his career, Freud postulated a descriptive categorization of the human psyche into the conscious, the preconscious, and the unconscious. The first of these refers to what is actively part of someone's immediate awareness, the second to what can actively be called to the conscious state, and the last refers to subjects present in the mind which cannot be called into the conscious. This last division contains desires or memories hidden in the psyche which cause one to act, think or feel in a certain manner that they are not able to explain in a rational way. Freud further divides these unconscious 'triggers' into instincts, drives which relate to meeting or ignoring basic human needs, and developmental drives, which are a reaction to social behavior learned from one's parents or environment. By the 1920's, Freud's research evolved into a structural model of the mind, in which he divides the psyche into the id, the ego, and the superego. The id operates on the "pleasure princip le", which seeks to gratify the most immediate desires of a small child. At the opposite end of the model is the superego, which is a human's conscience, containing all of the rules and regulations learned as acceptable to society. Between the two is the ego, or the conscious mind, which interprets the reality of the outside world and how best to operate in satiating the needs of the id. The ego frequently serves as the battleground when the superego rushes to prohibit a desire of the id that clashes with acceptable parameters of social conduct. When such conflict occurs, the ego and superego frequently collaborate unconsciously to repress the desire. Freud believed that the root of most neurotic illnesses lay in this repression. Used as a defense mechanism, repression occurs when an individual tries to avoid an interior conflict by pretending that the desire itself does not exist. When this occurs, the desire does not disappear, but instead remains in the unconscious part of the mind. Here it retains its instinctual strength and the energy manifests itself in other guises: most often in neurotic symptoms, unconscious 'slips of the tongue' when speaking, or in dreams. Furthermore, by repressing the desire to the unconscious, one relinquishes control: the symptoms cannot be alleviated and the repression will not allow the initial instinct to be brought into the conscious mind. By extending Freud's theory of dream manifestations into psychoanalysis, dreams are extremely flexible in the manner with which they can be interpreted. Dreams allow the unconscious to satisfy unfulfilled desires, by allowing 'latent' issues to manifest in the 'real' content of the dream world. Two of the most frequently interpreted methods by which repressed issues surface in dreams are defined by the terms displacement and condensation. When something in a dream causes a disproportionate emotional response, it is because the seemingly unimportant matter is a symbol of a much deeper personal interest. In this manner, when an individual recalls a trivial matter from a dream much more distinctly than the overall elements of the dream, the minor thing is a manifest representation of a deeper trouble. For instance, a dream involving a small dog constantly yipping could be indicative of an
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Sunday, November 17, 2019
Eastman kodak Essay Evaluating the financial condition of Eastman Kodak can be troublesome. Per my evaluation of their quarterly report which was found at http://www. kodak. com, some red flags have appeared that the auditors should be aware of. These stand out and should have special focus on. This quarterly report is based on the companiesÃ¢â¬â¢ business activities as well as their subsidiary companies between the reporting periods of January 1, through December 31, 2011. It has been speculated that some of the previous reports have not been dealing on actual performance data basis (Avery, 2012). While many believe this to be impossible and untrue, however, there seems to be that there were no exceptions reported or noticed on prior reports. Once again, while analyzing this report there seems to be correspondence in regards to data exclusion from the outsourced operations and data for leased facilities were indicated. The cash flow analysis of Kodak has always been cause for concern. The Kodak companies the past several years have had many issues as seem by the financial statements. Ã¢â¬Å"The internal cash flows are negative indicating that this company has a financial problem (Arnold, 2012). Items such as the operating costs, investing, and the use of the cash and its outflow when it has cash are what we consider internal cash flows. Kodak company is aimed its focus on funding numerous functions and operations. This funding was to make sure that the IP licensing strategy would a hit. For this to be applicable, the company would have to sell its assets. Ã¢â¬Å"Thus in order to be successful in the IP portfolio strategy EASTKOD 3 Eastman Kodak set there sites aimed at getting funds of over $200 million and then to have licensing transactions to generate between #250 and $350 million dollars (Anderson, 2012). Some of the red flags that they should be aware of can be economic factors, earning problems, excessive debt. With these factors in mind it is clearly visible that Kodak focused on clearing their work on the idea of sustainability that they had place in process within the 2011 fiscal year. For Kodak to stay competitive they had to initiate new programs to generate business in the areas in which they operate. These programs would boost business. Ã¢â¬Å"After the 2011 quarterly report, Kodak was more sustainable and looked to prosper and take advantage of their customerÃ¢â¬â¢s economic, environmental, and social performance in order to maintain and attain a profitable , sustainable, and digital company (Anderson, 2011). With these red flags mentioned, Kodak and its position economically, either would attract or not attract investors. This is due to the fact that the economic factors such as the earnings of an organization give an idea of what its profits, and the shareholders value to be. The public willingness to invest and to get companies to fall in line with them, Eastman Kodak is not an attractive company. This is true due to its low profits the company makes based on its last quarterly report. Kodaks last quarterly report and its last 3 previous years indicate that the company if financially falling. During the audit procedure they should be alerted that Eastman Kodak has adjusted its financial statements making its return on capital and its economic stability unreliable. Eastman Kodaks free cash flow is well below par. Their strategy has failed, and this will not attract new investors. The financial statement show that the cash flow has reduced and this is partly contributed to the board and the lack there of on their fiduciary duties.
Posted by Unknown at 11:17 AM
Thursday, November 14, 2019
Cybernetics and the Security-State The mastery of nature, so the imperialists teach, is the purpose of technology. But who would trust a cane wielder who proclaimed the mastery of children by adults to be the purpose of education? Is not education above all the indispensable ordering of the relationship between generations and therefore mastery, if we are to use this term, of the relationship and not of children? And likewise technology is not the mastery of nature and man. Men as a species completed their development thousands of years ago; but mankind as a species is just beginning his. In technology a physis is being organized through which mankind's contact with the cosmos takes a new and different form from that which it had in nations and families. . . . The paroxysm of genuine cosmic experience is not tied to that tiny fragment of nature that we are accustomed to call 'Nature'. In the nights of annihilation of the last war the frame of mankind was shaken by a feeling that resembled the bliss of the epil eptic. And the revolts that followed it were the first attempt of mankind to bring the new body under its control. -- Walter Benjamin, One Way Street, 1925-26 Garry Kasparov lost to Deep Blue on May 11, 1997. The event itself had almost no affect on the daily life of the general populace in and of itself, and in fact had been considered inevitable for some time. Even so, commentators read awful portent into the fact that the chess grandmaster, dubbed "Humanity's Champ," was beaten by the IBM computer. USA Today was not alone in asking, "Are computers backing humans into a corner?" With rare exception, after the initial hype died down the media reassured us that we were in no immediate danger of computers turning against us and taking over the planet, at least not actively. Chess, we were assured, is susceptible to the type of "simple" brute force calculations a computer can do. Understanding natural language, recognizing speech and handwriting, and analyzing images require work of a different sort, a "common sense" that has so far eluded most artificial intelligence researchers. Unlike human babies (an admittedly loaded example) , computers have trouble interacting with and learning about the "real world" except within strictly defined parameters.
Posted by Unknown at 11:49 PM
Tuesday, November 12, 2019
Johann Sebastian Bach composed this piece. This piece is part of the St Matthew Passion, BWV244. It is a musical composition from the Passions written by Bach in 1727. The St Matthew Passion is written for solo voices, double choir and double orchestra. Picander (Christian Friedrich Henrici) is the libretto of this composition. This is a scared music. Only 2 out of 4 or 5 setting of the Passions survived. Bach was a devouted Christian, so he composed it for Good Friday. Gerne will ich mich bequemen (Gladly will I am comfortable) is the title of this piece. The context of the song is based on biblical story and it is in German text. It is in Da capo aria form where A section is repeated. The instrumentation for this aria are 2 violin which intermingle between the melody and a basso continuo. Bach give more variation to the melody by switching its mode from major to minor mode. This alter its emotional significance completely and is used to provide vivid contrast. The idea of a change of mode in a melody implies some harmonic considerations. He exploited harmonic variation to marvelous effect in this piece. This shown in the starting of the piece in G minor in the ritornello section and then it modulates to D minor at bar 25, and it is back to G minor at bar 65. The first section of the piece starts with a Ritornello and then come the aria. After the aria, there is the ritornello section again which use the first half of the Ritornello, this can be found in bar 24. Bach often writes pieces for human voices that can fit in instrumental idioms for example the Ritornello section at the beginning of the piece and where the bassist starts to sing, the melody is similar. This is how Bach imply his knowledge into his work. Symbolism, symmetry and mathematical relationships can be found in this piece : whenever there is this word Ã¢â¬Å"KreuzÃ¢â¬ which mean cross, Bach will always have a sharp in it. The sharp (#) represent + (cross). This is one of the way he uses symbolism. Word painting can be found in this piece in bar 61 Ã¢â¬Å"trinkÃ¢â¬ (drink) the melody is going up with chromatic melodies, Bach wanted to portrait the action of drinking. The piece only have 2 dynamic throughout the piece which are : piano and forte There are lots of Diminished 7th chords in this piece which is not common in Baroque period, during these time, Church plays a very important role in music, they believe that dissonance is not a good sound to praise the god. Bach uses these chords and sudden modulations to accompany JesusÃ¢â¬â¢s apocalyptic prophecy. The recitative often set the mood for a particular passages by highlighting emotionally changed words such as Ã¢â¬Å"GerneÃ¢â¬ (gladly). There is a bit of development in the B section but we doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t conclude that section as a development section because only part of the melody and rhythm change, we still can see the same use of Fortspinnung in the B section. Fortspinnung (spinning forth), it was conceived in 1915, it is the development or Ã¢â¬Å"spinning outÃ¢â¬ of a short melodic motif to form a complete phrase, often using sequences or intervallic change. It is much used in the Baroque period rather less in the Classical period. In this piece, Bach tries touch upon many basic human problems such as love, hatred and betrayal. The story itself is given to the Evangelist. Sometime Bach put his signature in some of his composition. His signature can be found in bar 65.
Posted by Unknown at 12:20 PM
Sunday, November 10, 2019
There are different types of people in this world: people who do good and people who do evil. Their actions, thoughts, and intentions define them as the type of person they are. Writers such as William Shakespeare and F. Scott Fitzgerald have produced similar work that includes characters who share similar characteristics. Characters such as Daisy from Ã¢â¬Å"The Great GatsbyÃ¢â¬ and Iago from Ã¢â¬Å"OthelloÃ¢â¬ contain similar characteristics. Although Daisy and Iago carry different motives, they share identical deceptive schemes which cause similar effects on others. Both characters through their actions, thoughts, and intentions, are defined as bad people who do evil to manipulate others and take advantage of them. To begin with, the differences between both characters are their motives. DaisyÃ¢â¬â¢s motive is wealth and social class. This is evident when Jordan explains how Daisy was deeply in love with a soldier (Gatsby) and that she was caught packing her bag on a winter night to go to New York and say good bye to the soldier. Then she got engaged and married Tom Buchanan, Jordan goes on to explain that Daisy got a string of pearls valued three hundred and fifty thousand dollars. But the day before the wedding she gets drunk, holding a letter in her hand and says she changes her mind. This shows her true colors; Jordan explains how Daisy is very gay when she knew she was going to marry Tom who is rich. She likes the idea of the wealth and social security she gets from marrying Tom but when she gets drunk her true self comes out and tells Jordan to take back the pearls and tell everyone that she changed her mind. She cries that she changed her mind again and again, also that she does not want to marry Tom anymore. This shows that deep down she is still in love with Gatsby however, she is more in love with the wealth and social class Tom can provide for her is she marries him. Then, Jordan says that she and her motherÃ¢â¬â¢s maid locked the door and got her in a cold bath while she was holding on to the letter. Jordan says that she took it in the tub with her and squeezed it up into a wet ball. The next day at five oÃ¢â¬â¢clock she married Tom without as much as a shiver. Jordan does not say whom the letter is from but it is believable it is from Gatsby overseas who wrote the letter to Daisy from overseas and her true emotions came out when she got drunk. Fitzgerald 75, 76). Iago, on the other hand, has a different motive; Iago pursues power unlike Daisy whose motive is wealth and social class. This is shown when Iago plots how to get CassioÃ¢â¬â¢s position in the army and to get revenge on Othello and Cassio, Ã¢â¬Å" Ã¢â¬ËCassioÃ¢â¬â¢s a proper man: let me see now; to get his place a nd to plume up my will in double Knavery. How? How? LetÃ¢â¬â¢s see. After some time, to abuse OthelloÃ¢â¬â¢s ear. That he is too familiar with his wife;Ã¢â¬ (I. iii. 383-387). Iago is planning for vengeance against Cassio and Othello because Othello promoted Cassio instead of Iago which he is upset about. It is shown here that IagoÃ¢â¬â¢s motive is power and that he turns into a green-eyed monster (III. iii. 168) because he did not get the power he wanted. Therefore, it is evident that the difference between both, Daisy and Iago is their motives. Daisy seeks wealth and social class while Iago on the other hand craves power. Secondly, one of the similarities between both characters is the deceptive schemes. Daisy deceits Gatsby for her own advantage, she uses him and plays with his love for her. This is illustrated when Daisy contradicts herself: Ã¢â¬Å"Daisy, that is all over now,Ã¢â¬ he said earnestly. It doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t matter anymore. Just tell him the truth Ã¢â¬â- that you never loved himÃ¢â¬â-and itÃ¢â¬â¢s all wiped out forever. Ã¢â¬ She looked at him blindly. Ã¢â¬Å"WhyÃ¢â¬â-how could I love himÃ¢â¬â-possibly? Ã¢â¬Å"You never loved him. Ã¢â¬ She hesitated. Her eyes fell on Jordan and me with a sort of appeal, as though she realized at last what she was d oingÃ¢â¬â- and as though she had never, all along, intended doing anything at all. But it was done now. It was too late. Ã¢â¬Å"I never loved him,Ã¢â¬ she said, with perceptible reluctance. [Ã¢â¬ ¦] Ã¢â¬Å"Oh you want too much! Ã¢â¬ she cried to Gatsby. Ã¢â¬Å"I love you nowÃ¢â¬â-isnÃ¢â¬â¢t that enough? I canÃ¢â¬â¢t help whatÃ¢â¬â¢s past. Ã¢â¬ She began to sob hopelessly Ã¢â¬Å"I did love him onceÃ¢â¬â-but I loved you too. Ã¢â¬ [Ã¢â¬ ¦] Ã¢â¬Å"I want to speak Daisy alone,Ã¢â¬ he insisted. Ã¢â¬Å"SheÃ¢â¬â¢s all excited now Ã¢â¬âÃ¢â¬âÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Even alone I canÃ¢â¬â¢t say I never loved Tom,Ã¢â¬ she admitted in a pitiful voice. Ã¢â¬Å"It wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t be true. Ã¢â¬ (132,133). Daisy realizes GatsbyÃ¢â¬â¢s obsession with her so she decides to take advantage of him. To make Tom who is cheating on her, jealous. Daisy uses deceptive strategies to make Gatsby believe that she loves him and only him but it is just an act put up by her to make Tom jealous. When Gatsby asks her to say she never loved Tom she uncomfortably admits but later she changes her mind and tells him he wants too much. She lies to Gatsby and says what he wants to hear at first but then spits out the truth that she does love Tom or at least the perk that Tom comes with. This is an example of DaisyÃ¢â¬â¢s deceptive actions causing Gatsby to believe what is not true. Similarly, Iago shares deceptive intentions which cause Othello to believe that Desdemona (his wife) is unfaithful to him. This is demonstrated by Iago when he feeds Othello lies about Cassio possibly having an affair with Desdemona, Ã¢â¬Å"[Ã¢â¬ ¦] Look to your wife, observe her well with Cassio; Wear your eyes thus: not jealous, nor secure. I would not have you free and noble nature, Out of self-bounty, be abusÃ¢â¬â¢d. Look toÃ¢â¬â¢t I know our country disposition wellÃ¢â¬ (III. iii. 200-203). Iago creates suspicion in Othello. Othello as gullible as he is creates a greater suspicion in him and forms a green monster in him which is what Iago wanted all along. Iago feeds Othello a lie which causes Othello to believe what is not true. As a result, it is evident that both Daisy and Iago are prime examples of characters that are similarly deceptive. Lastly, another similarity between both characters is the effect on others from their deceptive actions. Daisy deceptive ways result in three deaths, one of which she committed and one suicide. This is portrayed when Daisy kills Myrtle and Gatsby who is blindly in love with her, willing, takes the blame, Ã¢â¬Å"Did you see any trouble on the road? Ã¢â¬ he asked after a minute. Yes. Ã¢â¬ He hesitated. Ã¢â¬Å"Was she killed? Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"YesÃ¢â¬ [Ã¢â¬ ¦] Ã¢â¬Å"Was Daisy driving? Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Yes,Ã¢â¬ he said after a moment, Ã¢â¬Å"but of course IÃ¢â¬â¢ll say I was. Ã¢â¬ (143). Daisy kills Myrtle by hitting her with a car while Gatsby was sitting next to her. Gatsby loves Daisy greatly enough to take to blame for it which is convenient for Daisy because Myrtle was TomÃ¢â¬â¢s mistress. Daisy kills TomÃ¢â¬â¢s mistress and leaves Gatsby to suffer the consequences. GatsbyÃ¢â¬â¢s foolish decision of taking the blame results in his death and a suicide by Mr. Wilson who kills Gatsby. Ã¢â¬ËThe chauffeurÃ¢â¬â-he was one of WolfsheimÃ¢â¬â¢s protegesÃ¢â¬â-heard the shotsÃ¢â¬â-afterward he could only say that he hadnÃ¢â¬â¢t thought anything much about them. [Ã¢â¬ ¦] There was a faint, barely perceptible movement of the water the fresh flow from one end urged its way toward the drain at the other. [Ã¢â¬ ¦] It was after we started with GatsbyÃ¢â¬â¢s toward the house that the gardener saw WilsonÃ¢â¬â¢s body a little way off in the grass, and the holocaust was completeÃ¢â¬â¢ Ã¢â¬ . DaisyÃ¢â¬â¢s actions results in GatsbyÃ¢â¬â¢s death and another death of Mr. Wilson. Mr. Wilson not knowing the truth assumes Gatsby s the murderer of his wife. He kills Gatsby by shooting him when he was in his pool and then commits suicide right after. Likewise, Iago affects others along the same lines. His deceptive actions also result in three deaths, one of which Iago causes and one suicide. IagoÃ¢â¬â¢s lies get the best of Othello into turning into a jealous monster to the point where Othello loses control and killed Desdemona. This is demonstrated when Othello locks her in their room, Ã¢â¬Å" Ã¢â¬ËDown, strumpet! Ã¢â¬â¢ Ã¢â¬ËKill me tomorrow; let me live tonight! Ã¢â¬â¢ Ã¢â¬ËNay, if you striveÃ¢â¬â-Ã¢â¬â¢ Ã¢â¬ËBut half an hour! Ã¢â¬ËBeing done, there is no pause. Ã¢â¬â¢ Ã¢â¬ËBut while I say one prayer! Ã¢â¬â¢ Ã¢â¬ËIts too lateÃ¢â¬â¢ Ã¢â¬ËO, Lord, Lord, Lord! Ã¢â¬â¢ *He smothers her*Ã¢â¬ (V. ii. 80-85). IagoÃ¢â¬â¢s evil deceptive deeds successfully fool Othello into believing Desdemona was unfaithful to him when she was not. As a result he kills her by smothering her to death. When Emilia seeÃ¢â¬â¢s this she tells Othello the truth that Desdemona was faithful and Iago was lying. This causes Iago to stab her so she could speech no more of the truth. (V. ii. 230-235). Othello realizing he was cheated by Iago, runs at Iago to wound him and then stabs himself. V. ii. 350-355). Therefore, it is evident that both characters had similar effects on others. Both effects include 3 deaths, one of which the characters cause and one suicide. Although Daisy and Iago carry different motives they share similar deceptive schemes which cause identical effects on others. DaisyÃ¢â¬â¢s motive is wealth and social class but Iago intends to achieve pow er. However, both characters share similar deceptive plans. Daisy fools and takes advantage of Gatsby to make Tom jealous. Likewise, Iago fools and takes advantage of Othello to make him jealous. They also affect others similarly; both characters cause three deaths, one caused by themselves and one suicide. Therefore, it is evident that the similarities out weight the differences. The quote that relates to acts of both characters is Ã¢â¬Å"I love the world, but humanity is what makes it ugly. Ã¢â¬ (Ives, 33). This quote has a very deep meaning to it and is very strong. It describes to the reader that the world will be a better place if humanity tries to make it a better place. The sooner the meaning of peace and love is understood and accepted the sooner the world will be a better place.
Posted by Unknown at 6:18 AM
Friday, November 8, 2019
Gene's Struggle to Reach Inner Peace essays John Knowless novel, A Separate Peace, relates to the struggle of male adolescents growing up during the difficult times of World War II. Set at Devon Academy, a private Eastern preparatory school, the story focuses mainly on the relationship between Gene Forrester and his friend, Phineas, who attempt to isolate themselves from the war by creating a sheltered world at Devon during the summer and winter terms of 1942 and 1943. Events at Devon force Gene to grow up and to come to terms with the negative forces in him. The title alludes to both the peace from the anguish of war and personal peace, a lack of personal hatred or enmity. Knowles reveals that personal peace can be attained when an individual resolves internal conflicts and hatreds and therefore is protected from forces that destroy personal peace and the peace of the world. The novels title conveys this theme by focusing on Genes struggle to achieve a separate peace. In the beginning, Gene faces his jealousy towards Finny in an attempt to find inner peace. The first time Gene shows jealousy is when Finny wears his school tie as a belt around his waist and doesnt get in trouble for it. When one of Finnys teachers stopped him, he gave him a long speech, and in the end didnt get in trouble. In Genes eyes, Finny always finds a way to talk his way out of trouble. Another time Gene shows jealousy is when Finny and him are at the beach. When theyre walking along the boardwalk, Gene notices that people are looking at Finny. I noticed that people were looking fixedly at him, so I took a look myself to see why (918). A third time Finny sees the record for 100 Yards Free Style with A. Hopkins Parker 1940 53.0 seconds under it, he says that it is an insult to the class because it hasnt been broken. Finny, being loyal to his class, decides that he can beat Parkers time. Sure...
Posted by Unknown at 12:16 AM
Tuesday, November 5, 2019
Analysis of the Robert Browning Poem My Last Duchess Robert Browning was a prolific poet and at times his poetry drew aÃ stark contrast to that of his famous wife, Elizabeth Barrett Browning. A perfect example is his dramatic monologue, My Last Duchess, which is dark and a daring portrait of a domineering man. Though written in 1842, My Last Duchess is set in the 16th-century. And yet, it speaks volumes of the treatment of women in the Victorian time of the Brownings. The misogynistic character of the poem is also a severe contrast to Browning himself who was a master of negative capability. Browning would often write poetry of men like the duke who dominated (and barely loved) his wife while penning endearing love poems to his own Elizabeth. My Last Duchess is a poem to that engages conversation and it is a perfect study for any student of classic literature. The Contrast of the Brownings Poetry Elizabeth Barrett Brownings most famous sonnet asks, How do I love thee? Let me count the ways? Sounds lovely, does it not? On the other hand, Porphyrias Lover, an infamous poem that was written by Elizabeths husband, would count the ways in a very disturbing and unexpected manner. Step 1) Welcome the beautiful girl into your secret meeting place.Step 2) Listen while she declares her undying love for you.Step 3) Tenderly wrap her long, golden hair around her throat.Step 4) Strangle her.Step 5) Sit happily next to her dead body. The above list is a disgustingly violent scenario, the sort one might expect to find in a grizzly episode of some CSI knock-off or straight-to-video slasher flick. Or maybe its even darker than that, due to the last nihilistic lines of the poem: And all night long we have not stirred,And yet God has not said a word! (lines 59-60) If it were read aloud in a creative writing classroom today, the students would probably shift uncomfortably in their seats, and the unsettled English teacher might very well recommend counseling for the poet. Yet, far from modern, Porphyrias Lover is a product of Englands prim and oh-so-proper Victorian society of the mid-1800s, and the poet was an adoring husband in favor of equality for women. So why then does Browning delve into the mindset of a misogynistic sociopath, not just with Porphyrias Lover, but also with the deviously cruel poem My Last Duchess? Browning exercises what John Keats referred to as negative capability: an artists capacity to lose himself in his characters, revealing nothing of his own personality, political views, or philosophies. In order to critique the oppressive, male-dominated society of his age, Browning gave voice to villainous characters, each representing the antithesis of his worldview. Browning does not eliminate his personal virtues from all of his poetry. This dedicated husband also wrote sincere and tender poems to his wife; these romantic works, such as Summum Bonum, unveil the true and benevolent nature of Robert Browning. The Theme of My Last Duchess Even if readers give My Last Duchess a mere passing glance, they should be able to detect at least one element: arrogance. The speaker of the poem exhibits an arrogance rooted in an audacious sense of male superiority. In simpler terms: he is stuck on himself. But to understand the deadliness of the Dukes powerhouse combo of narcissism and misogyny, the reader must delve deeply into this dramatic monologue, paying close attention to both what is said as well as unsaid. It is evident that the speakers name is Ferrara (as suggested by the character heading at the beginning of the speech). Most scholars agree that Browning derived his character from a 16th-century duke of the same title: Alfonso II dEste, a renowned patron of the arts who was also rumored to have poisoned his first wife. Understanding the Dramatic Monologue What sets this poem apart from many others is that it is a dramatic monologue, a type of poem in which a character distinctly different from that of the poet is speaking to someone else. Actually, some dramatic monologues feature speakers who talk to themselves, but the monologues with silent characters display more artistry, more theatrics in storytelling because they are not merely confessional tirades (as with Porphyrias Lover). Instead, readers can imagine a specific setting and detect action and reaction based on the hints given within the verse. In My Last Duchess, the duke is speaking to a courtier of a wealthy count. Before the poem even begins, the courtier has been escorted through the Dukes palace - probably through an art gallery filled with paintings and sculptures. The courtier has seen a curtain which conceals a painting, and the duke decides to treat his guest to a viewing of a very special portrait of his late wife. The courtier is impressed, perhaps even mesmerized by the smile of the woman in the painting and he asks what produced such an expression. And thats when the dramatic monologue begins: Thats my last Duchess painted on the wall,Looking as if she were alive. I callThat piece a wonder, now: Fra Pandolfs handsWorked busily a day, and there she stands.Willt please you sit and look at her?Ã (lines 1-5) The Duke behaves cordially enough, asking his guest if he would like to gaze at the painting. We are witnessing the speakers public persona. Notice how he keeps the painting behind a curtain until he feels like showing it to others. He has control over who views the painting, mastery over the painted smile of his deceased wife. As the monologue continues, the Duke brags about the fame of the painter: Fra Pandolf (a quick tangent: fra is a shortened version of friar, a holy member of the church. Note how the Duke uses a holy member of the church as part of his plan to capture and control his wifes image). It pleases the Duke that his wifes smile has been preserved within the artwork. The Character of the Late Duchess During the Duchess life, the Duke explains, his wife would offer that beautiful smile to everyone, instead of reserving her look of joy exclusively for her husband. She appreciated nature, the kindness of others, animals, and the simple pleasures of everyday life. And this disgusts the duke. It seems the duchess cared about her husband and often showed him that look of joy and love, but he feels that the duchess ranked / [his] gift of a nine-hundred-years-old name / With anybodys gift (lines 32 - 34). He might not reveal his explosive emotions to the courtier as they sit and look at the painting, but the reader can deduce that the duchess lack of worshipfulness infuriated her husband. He wanted to be the only person, the only object of her affection. The duke self-righteously continues his explanation of events, rationalizing that despite his disappointment it would have been beneath him to talk openly with his wife about his feelings of jealousy. He does not request, nor even demand, that she alter her behavior because Een then would be some stooping; and I choose / Never to stoop (lines 42 - 43). He feels that communication with his own wife is beneath his class. Instead, he gives commands and all smiles stopped together (line 46). Keep in mind, he does not give commands to his wife; as the duke indicates, instruction would be stooping. Rather, he delivers orders to his minions who then execute this poor, innocent woman. Is the Duchess So Innocent? Some readers believe that the Duchess isnt so innocent, that her smiles are really a code word for promiscuous behavior. Their theory is that whoever she smiles at (a servant for example) is someone she engages in a sexual relationship. However, if she were sleeping around with everything she smiled at (the setting sun, a branch from a cherry tree, a mule), then we would have a duchess who is a not only a sexual deviantÃ but must possess the physical prowess similar to aÃ Greek goddess. How else could she have sex with the sun? Although the Duke is not the most reliable of narrators, he keeps most of his conversation on a literal, not a symbolic, level. He may be an untrustworthy character, yet the reader should trust that when he says a smile, he means a smile. If the duke executed a lustful, adulterous wife, that would still make him a bad guy, but a different sort of bad guy: a vengeful cuckold. However, if the duke executed a faithful, kind-hearted wife who failed to revere her husband above all others, then we are witnessing a monologue performed by a monster. That is exactly the experience which Browning means for his audience. Women in the Victorian Age Certainly, women were oppressed during the 1500s, the era in which My Last Duchess takes place. Yet, the poem is less a critique of the feudalistic ways of medieval Europe and more of an attack on the biased, overbearing views expressed during Brownings day. How uptight was Englands Victorian society of the 1800s? A historical article titled Sexuality and Modernity explains that The Victorian bourgeois may have covered their piano legs out of modesty. Thats right, those pent-up Victorians were turned on by the sensuous curve of a pianos leg! Literature of the era, in circles both journalistic and literary, portrayed women as fragile creatures in need of a husband. For a Victorian woman to be morally good, she must embody sensitivity, self-sacrifice, innate purity (Salisbury and Kersten). All of these traits are exhibited by the Duchess if we assume that allowing herself to be married to a creep in order to please her family is an act of self-sacrifice. While many Victorian husbands desired a pure, virginal bride, they also desired physical, mental, and sexual conquest. If a man was not satisfied with his wife, a woman who was his legal subordinate in the eyes of the law, he might not kill her off as the Duke so cavalierly does in Brownings poem. However, the husband might very well patronize one of Londons many prostitutes, thereby obliterating the sanctity of the marriage and endangering his innocent wife with a frightening variety of incurable diseases. Robert and Elizabeth Browning Fortunately, Browning was not transposing his own personality intoÃ My Last Duchess. He was far from the typical VictorianÃ and married a woman who was both older and socially his superior. He adored his wifeÃ Elizabeth Barrett BrowningÃ so much that together they defied her fathers wishes and eloped. Over the years, they raised a family, supported each others writing careers, and loved each other as equals. Clearly, Browning used what Keats called negative capability to invent a character that was strikingly unlike his own: a vicious, controlling duke whose morals and beliefs contrasted with those of the poet. Yet, perhaps Browning was observing fellow members of Victorian society when he crafted the devious lines of Duke Ferrera. Barretts father, although not a murderous lord from the 16th-century, he was a controlling patriarch who demanded that his daughters stay faithful to him, that they never move out of the home, not even to marry. Like the duke who coveted his precious artwork, Barretts father wanted to keep hold of his children as if they were inanimate figures in a gallery. When she defied her fathers demands and married Robert Browning, she became dead to her father and he never saw her againÃ¢â¬ ¦ unless, of course, he kept a picture of Elizabeth on his wall.
Posted by Unknown at 6:15 PM
Sunday, November 3, 2019
Project management - Research Paper Example A project is not a routine task, it is a certain set of functions designed to achieve a particular goal. Sometimes the project team involves people who usually do not work together; they are acquired from different departments, different organizations & different localities. In simple terms, Project Management involves a temporary group activity. Project Management is related to the application of knowledge, techniques & skills to complete a project efficiently & effectively. It is a strategic decision by the organization to enhance their competencies by tying the project outputs to the organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s objectives. Previously project management referred to the collection of project data & metrics for evaluation & then accordingly making changes to increase efficiency & productivity. For the past decades, this area of management have become quite popular within the corporate world because of the following reasons- (ds.psu.edu 2) The average salary of a project manager is quite hi gh in comparison to the managers of other domain. Every year, a huge amount is spent for the purpose of accomplishing various projects. Lately, project management has been included as a subject of study in various educational institutes. It acts as a control mechanism for various projects. Project management helps in controlling the human capital, budget, quality, resources, time frames & communication. Project Life Cycle Projects always have a starting date & an ending date which means just like products, projects also have a definite life cycle that starts with the starting date & ends with the ending date. The diagram shows the different phases of a project life cycle- (weill.cornell.edu 1) Here we are given a particular business case where we have to modify the present structure of the University into a Wi-Fi enabled campus. We need to replace all computers & introduce iMacs for the classroom. Also we are required to complete the job within the month of June as the research woul d start from July onwards. We need several staffs for this purpose. Selection of the appropriate option for the given business case The appropriate solution that has been selected for the business case is requesting financial aid from the government as it is a reliable source of funds. On the basis of this option we are going to discuss further about this case with the help of the A3 tool. The context of Toyota can be considered while exploring the concept of A3. The managers of the company implement a tool called A3 that is named keeping in mind the internationally accepted paper size.A3 consists of a series of boxes arranged in a template. The boxes include the operations in the following order- 1. To establish the context of the business & the importance of a specific issue 2. To define the present status of the problem 3. To identify the desired outputs 4. To analyze the circumstances to ascertain causality 5. To offer countermeasures 6. To establish an action plan 7. To chalk o ut the follow-up process This method helps the managers to train others regarding the analysis of the root-cause & channel them towards scientific thinking. This is a tool for constant improvement & learning. We are required to use one management tool for the current business case & we would consider applying the A3 framework.
Posted by Unknown at 10:53 AM
Friday, November 1, 2019
Geographical Relocation - Essay Example Th following ppr is rport, which covrs th issus rltd with th xptrition procss of th workr from London, UK to Mdrid, Spin. Hrin, I im to nlys th cs of such rloction, whn mking nlysis of th country of rloction (th conomy of Spin, tx nd hlthcr systm, insurnc nd politics), providing ovrviw of living nd working conditions nd invstigting th wys tht my fcilitt th rloction nd dpttion procss of workr who xptrit from London to Mdrid. Whn providing th rport I will mk n ccnt on th policy of our orgniztion tht clrly idntifis its gols in ch stg nd thus will rsult in bttr intrntionl prformnc of xptrits. Trining should nvr focus primrily on bnfiting th individul xptrit. Rthr, it should cntr on mting th orgniztion's gols. It should try to mtch th xptrit's knowldg, skills nd comptncis with thos rquird for ch prticulr ssignmnt. Lik most othr trining, its succss should b msurd by how much th orgniztion bnfits, not how much th individul might grow or lrn. xptrition, th prctic of snding hom country mngrs to othr country loctions, is populr, lbit xpnsiv, prctic mong intrntionl corportions (O'Boyl, 1989). xptrits, fmilir with th cultur, lngug, nd customs of hdqurtrs, cn fcilitt th trnsfr of corport cultur btwn hdqurtrs nd th subsidiry, nhncing communiction nd coordintion (Boycigillr, 1991; Rosnzwig, 1994). Thy cn lso provid tchnicl nd mngril skills tht my not b immditly vilbl t th locl lvl. Somtims usd to s tmporry stffing nds, xptrits r lso vlubl s mchnisms for corport control in vitl mrkts. Finlly, xptrits my b utilizd to nforc nd protct th compny's intrsts. xptrition is not without costs. In ddition to th obvious finncil rsourcs ncssry to trnsfr mngr nd his or hr fmily physiclly to Spin, thr r hiddn costs s wll. ssignmnts oftn my not b compltd, ncssitting th rplcmnt of th xptrit (Bird & Dunbr, 1991; Blck, 1988). In ordr for th rloction procss to b ffctiv, th xptrit tht is bing snt to Mdrid, should djust to locl customs nd try to incrs his job stisfction nd ffctivnss. Th conflict t workplc tht might ppr round diffrncs on norms nd cultur my frustrt th workr nd cus th convrs ffct. Morovr, th workr might wnt to rturn to his formr work in hom country nd in such wy cus th unncssry xpnss for th compny tht invstd mony in his xptrition. nothr hiddn cost ssocitd with xptrition is th inbility to rtin th xcutiv upon rturn to th hom country. Mny xptrits do not hv gurntd positions t hom onc thy succssfully complt thir ssignmnts. Th xcutiv oftn rturns to find himslf/hrslf on th priphry of th orgniztionl infrstructur. For tht rson, bfor dprtur, xptrit should b rssurd tht his workplc in hom compny will b kpt upon th nd of his xptrition. xptrit pr-dprtur knowldg cn contribut to both work nd gnrl djustmnt ovrss (Blck, 1988), whn such knowldg includs informtion bout th trnsition. This cn rduc mny of th uncrtintis ssocitd with th nw rol. Work djustmnt includs th xtnt to which th xptrit is bl to djust to th lvl of rsponsibility ssocitd with th ssignmnt s wll s to his/hr py schdul. djustmnt to th gnrl nvironmnt rfrs to th individul's bility to djust to non-work fctors such s housing conditions, shopping, nd hlth fcilitis. Intrstingly, prvious intrntionl xprinc ws rptdly found not to prdict xptrit nd spousl gnrl djustmnt during xptrition (Blck & Grgrsn, 1991b). This suggsts tht mny spcts of ovrss xprinc r not gnrlizbl from on ssignmnt loction to nothr or tht xptrit mngrs r not bl to trnsfr thir lrnings concrning djustmnt in on country to nothr.
Posted by Unknown at 4:28 AM